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Fort Mojave Industrial School correspondence, administrative and financial information



1890 to 1893


From the Fort Mojave Indian School Records (MS-00034). The records of the Fort Mohave Industrial School consist of two bound books of correspondence and cover the years 1890-1893. The second book contains press-copies of letters written by the school's superintendent Samuel McCowan in reply to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Thomas J. Morgan's and Assistant Commissioner R.V. Belt's letters to people doing business with the school. All letters that are direct responses include the identification number of the first letter and can therefore be matched with appropriate correspondence in the first book. While the binding is in excellent condition, many pages are missing and a good number of letters are too faint to read. Yet, the originals of these letters can be found in the National Archives and Record Services microfilmed collection titled Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, Arizona Superintendency. The letters in this book relate to finance, policy implementation, annual reports, school functions, curriculum, school employment, and census data. Financial information includes: itemized accounts of all foodstuffs such as livestock and grains, and materials supplies purchase for the school such as lumber, farming implements, seeds, fruit tress, clothing, medicine, blankets, and furnishings. Also related to financial matters are requests for travel reimbursements for recruiting trips, the placing of ads in newspapers to solicit bids from suppliers, and accounts for salaries paid to school personnel. Administrative information includes annual reports of the number of students in the school. They reflect the difficulties McCowan encounters from parents in his recruiting efforts and his solutions to these problems, such as withholding food rations from families and hosting feasts at the school to lure families in. Other administrative materials include reports on the location and condition of Indian bands, which include the names of prominent band leaders and McCowan's observation of cultural rituals, his survey of the surrounding land and its suitability for farming, blue prints for the schools irrigation projects, and reports on problems between encroaching whites and resident Indians. Policy information includes reports from McCowan on his efforts to comply with Bureau of Indian Affairs educational policies and guidelines, reports on how school personnel are implementing the curriculum and the types of supplies used to accomplish this, and queries from McCowan on whether to hire students out to nearby whites as wage laborers. During scanning, the readability of the pages has been enhanced. The original manuscript has missing pages.

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Physical Identifier



snv002594. Fort Mojave Indian School Records, 1890-1923. MS-00034. Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Las Vegas, Nevada.


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