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African-American History in Las Vegas Bibliography

Articles and Books

  • Bracey, Earnest N. The Moulin Rouge and Black Rights in Las Vegas: A History of the First Racially Integrated Hotel-Casino. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, 2009.
  • Elliott, Gary E. The Moulin Rouge Hotel: A Critical Appraisal of a Las Vegas Legend. S.L.:1983; 1990.
  • Fitzgerald, Roosevelt. Black Entertainers in Las Vegas: 1940-1960 1988.
  • Fitzgerald, Roosevelt. A Demographic Impact of Basic Magnesium on Southern Nevada. S.L.: 1982.
  • Fitzgerald, Roosevelt. The Evolution of a Black Community in Las Vegas: 1905- 1940 by Roosevelt Fitzgerald. S.L.: 1981?, 1981; 1994.
  • Geran, Trish. Beyond the Glimmering Lights :The Pride and Perseverance of African Americans in Las Vegas. Las Vegas, Nev.: Stephens Press, 2006.
  • Goodrich, James. Negroes Can't Win in Las Vegas. S.l.: 1954.
  • Kaufman, Perry Bruce. The Mississippi of the West: The Growth of the Black Community in Las Vegas, 1930-1960. Las Vegas Nev.: 1974.
  • Kovell, Hank. Moulin Rouge, Las Vegas. S.L.: 1982.
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. NAACP Annual Freedom Banquet :Total Involvement through Community Efforts. Las Vegas Nev.: S.N., 1969.
  • Overstreet, Everett Louis. Black Steps in the Desert Sands :A Chronicle of African- Americans' Involvement in the Growth of Las Vegas, Nevada. Las Vegas, Nevada: E.L. Overstreet, 1988.
  • Timberg, Bernard, Elizabeth Nelson Patrick, and Rita O'Brien. West Las Vegas at the Crossroads :A Forum. Las Vegas Nev.: S.N., 1977.
  • White, Claytee D. The Roles of African American Women in the Las Vegas Gaming Industry, 1940-1980 1997; 1997.


  • Las Vegas Sentinel
  • Las Vegas Sentinel Voice
  • Las Vegas Voice

Photograph Collections in UNLV Special Collections

  • Clarence Ray Collection
  • Donald Clark Collection
  • Lloyd Gill Collection
  • Ruby Duncan Collection
  • Milton Norman Collection

Manuscript Collections in UNLV Special Collections

Clark, Donald
Coll #: T68
Date: 1953 - 1972
Extent: 2 document boxes (.84 linear feet)
The collection of Rev. Donald M Clark, who played a major role in the development of the black community in Las Vegas and in the struggle for civil rights, is comprised of materials ranging from 1953 to 1972, detailing Rev. Clark's activities with his community, NAACP, and Economic Opportunity Board. Types of documents include correspondence, organizational plans, newspaper clippings and personal memorabilia. COLLECTION GUIDE AVAILABLE

Duncan, Ruby
Coll #: 96-08
Date: 1979 - 1992
Extent: 18 record storage boxes, 2 document boxes, 3 oversize folders (22.14 linear feet)
Collection contains the organizational records of Operation Life Community Development Corporation, a non-profit organization that worked to improve living conditions in West Las Vegas by providing a variety of community development services. The organization began in May 1972, in the wake of a welfare protest march orchestrated by the Clark County Welfare Rights Organization and Ruby Duncan. Operation Life grew from this organization and was directed by Ruby Duncan, as executive director from 1972 until her health forced her to retire in 1990. In general, this collection documents part of the history of a non-profit community development corporation. In addition, the material provides a glimpse of the regulations and protocol governing the public and private funding process. The collection also provides a partial documentation of the lives and struggles of West Las Vegans and the improvements they endeavored to make to their community.

Gregory, Mollie
Coll #: 2006-18
Date: 1971-1974
Extent: 9 document boxes and 3 record storage cartons (6.78 linear feet)
Collection is comprised of several dozen reels of audio tape and some 16 mm film that has been transferred to CD and video. Content is oral interviews (by Mollie Gregory) of persons involved in the welfare rights movement in Nevada in the 1970s, also the Maya Miller U.S. Senate campaign and the ERA in Nevada. Women's Research Institute of Nevada did extensive work in annotating this material during its transfer to CD. COLLECTION GUIDE AVAILABLE

Hoggard, Mabel
Coll #: 2009-29
Date: ca. 1950s-1970s
Extent: 3 linear feet
Personal papers, clippings, scrapbooks of Mabel Hoggard, one of the first African-American public school teachers in Las Vegas, civil rights activist, civic and educational leader, her husband David, and her family. Note: collection is unprocessed, please consult Manuscripts Librarian to access materials.

Key, Alice
Coll #: 95-47
Date: 1936-95
Extent: .5 linear feet
Collection consists of the papers of Alice Key, who came to Las Vegas in 1955 as Public Relations Director for the Moulin Rouge Hotel. Key had been a chorus girl in her early days in Los Angeles. Key was active in the Civil Rights movement in Las Vegas, and in a number of political and community service organizations such as the NAACP. Collection consists of clippings, photographs, correspondence, and videos regarding civil rights and entertainment, in particular, the preservation of the Moulin Rouge Hotel.

McMillan, Marie
Coll #: 2004-06
Date: 1945-2002
Initial donation of materials from Marie McMillan. Materials consist of photographs, correspondence, news clippings, etc., of Dr. James McMillan, Las Vegas civil rights pioneer, materials of Duke Daly relating to work at NTS and at Livermore Laboratory on atomic testing (photographs, certificates, badges), and photographs of Marie Daly McMillan. More materials are forthcoming. INVENTORY AVAILABLE

Rusco, Elmer Professor
Coll #: T123
Date: 1964 - 1972
Extent: 1 document box (.42 linear feet)
Collection is comprised of the papers of Elmer Rusco, former UNR professor, who has done extensive research into civil rights and race relations in Nevada. Topics include school integration, welfare, black employment, poverty, and Clark County School District staff training pertaining to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. There is also information on Local 357 regarding discrimination cases against blacks by the union, and information on the number of minorities working at the major Strip hotels. Types of material in the collection include correspondence, news clippings, and research notes.