A DAY'S WORK FOR A DAY'S PAYCO-OPERATION PERFECT UNIONTHE SHOP EMPLOYES ASSOCIATION UNION PACIFIC SYSTEM BULLETINVol. I.SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, AUGUST 31st, 1923.No. 8A CHANGE IN RELATIONSHIPOut of the organization of capital and the organization of labor, has grown the modern industrial problem. What are the right relations between capitol and labor and how shall these relations be so adjusted and maintained to promote industrial peace and prosperity?The first and fundamental question involved in our industrial problem are the mine, the factory, the railroad private enterprises owned by capital to be controlled directed administered by capitalists who buy their labor, as they buy their machinery and discharge one as they discharge the other when it ceases to be profitable? This is one view. Are the mines, factories and railroads joint stock enterprises to be carried on by capital and labor as partners who share in the control and profits, neither being independent of the other, each fulfilling an appropriate function in a harmonious organization for mutual profit and inspired by a spirit of mutual respect?Combination of both property and industry, capital and labor, tool owner and tool user is inevitable because it is the divine order of human development. It would be no more possible to go back to the individualistic industry of the first part of the 19th century than to go back to feudalism that preceded it, or slavery that preceded feudalism. To do so we should have to forget the invention of machinery, the discovery of steam, the utilization of electricity, the division of labor, the art of cooperation. The world will not and ought not to forget the economic benefits which cooperation and combination have brought to it.But an ever increasing number of employers recognize the truth that there is some other relation between employer and employee than that between a purchaser and a vendor of an article that they are in some sense partners, engaged in a common enterprise, that the workmen have and oughtto have some voice in determining the conditions under which labor shall be performed, and some share in the profits when the enterprise is profitable.We have begun to pass from an era of individual industrialism into the era of fraternal industrialism a great improvement is taking place in the conditions of labor.It would be impossible to mention one single item in respect to which the workmen is not better off where labor is organized and capital is organized than he was under the old system of individual industrialism. The struggle of labor organizations for what they call recognition is not merely a struggle for higher wages or shorter hours, it is a struggle to secure the right to have someting to say upon the question what wages shall be paid what hours prescribed, and what conditions shall prevail. Underlying all is this fundamental claim to some participation in the administration, of the industry in which they are jointly engaged with caplital.The employer who is trying to maintain the principles of individual industrialism says, the laborer is my servant. I have hired him, and if he does not like the conditions I impose he must go and I will supply his place with another. The laborer who conscientiously is endeavoring to apply the principle of fraternal industrialism says I am not your servant to do your unquestioned bidding. You and I are partners in a common enterprise. I have a right to not only share in its profits, but also some participation in its administration.Mr. Carroll D. Wright in his official report to the President, as to the cause of the coal strike of 1902, made this statement. There is no confidence existing between employees and employers. A suspicion lurks in the mind of everyone and distrust in action on every side. How can partners in a common enterprise work together without constant friction andfrequent wars when such are the conditions.Our first work must be to promote a spirit of good will between employer and employee and this can never be done by class preaching. That is preaching to congregation of employers about the faults or duties of employes or preaching to congregations of employees about the faults or duties of employers. But it can only be accomplished by forgetting every class distinction and point out to all men their duties to their fellow men of every class and condition. The final solution of the industrial question is to be sought for in such a development of human character and such a development of industrial conditions that the distinction between the tool owner and the tool user will disappear. W. J. TAYLOR.LET'S GO Trainmen's Magazine.The reason some fellows get on in the world, Get up, get the cash, and get happy, Is really no secret; it's simply as play Their method is this: "Make it Snappy!" They leap from the hay, and they jump for their pants; They swallow their coffee, toot sweet. The yellow-eyed daisies don't sprout in their tracks, Nor verdure grows under their feet They rush and they hustle, they're pulsing with pep, They're hitting on high as they pass. And so, if you'd bring home the bacon, my boy, Just step on it. Give her the gas. (Selected.)Pertinent.Mother Don't ask so many questions, Katie. Don't you know that curiosity once killed a cat?"Katie "What did the cat want to know, mother?"