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Helen J. Stewart Papers (MS-00171)


The Helen J. Stewart Papers (1869-1978) document the life of Las Vegas, Nevada pioneer, Helen J. Stewart. It includes correspondence between Stewart and her children as well as various family legal papers and certificates. The collection also contains Helen J. Stewart's 70th birthday scrapbook, a ledger, and a day book from 1904-1919, as well as several photograph albums and information related to the family burial plot.

Finding Aid PDF


1869 to 1978
bulk 1900 to 1959


1.43 Cubic Feet (4 boxes, 1 oversized folder)
2.92 Linear Feet

Related People/Corporations

Scope and Contents Note

The Helen J. Stewart Papers cover the years 1869-1978, with the bulk of the material dated 1900 to 1959 and includes correspondence between Helen J. Stewart and her children, as well as various family legal papers and certificates. Also included are Helen J. Stewart's 70th birthday scrapbook, a ledger, and a day book from 1904-1919, as well as several photograph albums and information related to the family burial plot. The collection contains Stewart's writings and notes on various topics, as well as several land patents and the marriage certificate of Helen and Frank Stewart.

Access Note

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Materials in this collection may be protected by copyrights and other rights. See Reproductions and Use on the UNLV Special Collections and Archives website for more information about reproductions and permissions to publish.

Biographical / Historical Note

Helen Jane Stewart was born in 1854 in Springfield, Illinois. When she was nine years old, the family moved to Nevada, and then to Sacramento, California in 1863. Helen was educated in Sacramento and, in 1873, she married Archibald Stewart in Stockton, California.

Archibald Stewart operated a freighting business in Pioche, Nevada, and he and Helen lived there during Pioche's boom years. The Stewarts' first three children were born in the Pioche area; William James in 1874; followed by Hiram Richard less than two years later; and Flora Eliza Jane (known as Tiza) in 1879. In 1879, Archibald Stewart loaned O.D. Gass, the owner of the Las Vegas Ranch, $5,000, with the ranch as collateral. By 1881, Gass had defaulted on the loan and eventually Archibald decided to move his family to the Las Vegas Ranch. In 1882 the family moved from Pioche to the ranch. Shortly after their arrival, Helen gave birth to Evaline La Vega, known as Eva. The Stewarts settled into running the ranch as a farm and way station for travelers.

In 1884, tragedy struck when Archibald was killed at the neighboring Kiel Ranch. The controversy surrounding the killing exists to this day. Helen was pregnant at the time of Archibald's death, and later that year she and her family traveled to Galt, California, while her father, Hiram Wiser, took over operation of the ranch. In Galt she gave birth to a son, Archibald. She then returned to the ranch. Over the next several years, Helen attempted to sell the ranch, however, no sale occurred. In 1889, talk of a railroad to be built through the Las Vegas Valley and the Muddy Valley prompted Helen along with other members of her family, to purchase large tracts in land. During this period, the Stewart children were taught by a tutor at the ranch. The three younger children were sent to school in California beginning in 1897. Then, in July, 1899, her youngest and favorite, Archie, was killed chasing wild horses on the ranch.

By 1902, the railroad through Southern Nevada was becoming a reality and Helen sold the Las Vegas Ranch to the San Pedro, Los Angeles, and Salt Lake Railroad. A four-acre parcel was reserved as the family burial site. In 1903, she moved her family to Los Angeles. Shortly thereafter, her son Hiram died, leaving a wife and two children. Also in 1903, Helen married Frank Stewart, who had been hired at the Las Vegas Ranch in 1886. The Stewarts purchased land near the ranch and in late 1903, returned there to join in the building of a thriving community, based on the arrival of the railroad. For the next twenty years, Helen was a part of the social, political, and business life of early Las Vegas and was an early member of the Mesquite Club. She became an authority on state history and developed an extensive collection of Indian baskets, which had the reputation of being the finest in the state. She was appointed by Governor Boyle as a delegate to the Twelfth Annual Convention for the American Civic Association in Washington D.C. in 1915. Later that year, she became the first woman elected to the Clark County School Board.

In 1918, Frank Stewart died of cancer, and Helen's mother, Delia Gray Wiser, passed away the following year. Helen later became ill with cancer, and in 1924, was taken to Los Angeles for treatment. On March 6, 1926, she passed away. Businesses in Las Vegas closed for the day her funeral and people came from all areas of the state to attend the funeral of the woman who has been described as "The First Lady of Las Vegas."


Townley, Carrie Miller, "Helen Stewart”, Nevada Historical Society Quarterly, Winter, 1973 and Spring, 1974.

Preferred Citation

Helen J. Stewart Papers, 1869-1978. MS-00171. Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Las Vegas, Nevada.

Acquisition Note

Materials were donated in 1980 by Clinton E. Stay, Jr. and Evelyn Stay Moden; accession number T-87.

Processing Note

Collection was processed in 1980 by Carol A. Corbett. In 2017, Joyce Moore revised and enhanced the collction description to bring it into compliance with current professional standards.

Resource Type


Collection Type



Separated Materials

Some of the photographs in this acquisition were removed from the collection and placed in Helen J. Stewart Photographs, 1869-1978. PH-0104. Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada.

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