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"Apologies Across The Board": article draft by Roosevelt Fitzgerald




1980 (year approximate) to 1995 (year approximate)


From the Roosevelt Fitzgerald Professional Papers (MS-01082) -- Drafts for the Las Vegas Sentinel Voice file. On Las Vegas fire chief publicizing excellent work ethic of LDS firefighters.

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man001033. Roosevelt Fitzgerald Professional Papers, 1890-1996. MS-01082. Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Las Vegas, Nevada.


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Slavery officially ended with the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. During the ensuing 
twelve year period black people in America underwent a tremendous metamorphis. The great majority 
had been slave but there had also
been sizeable numbers of free blacks throughout the United States dating back to the early 
seventeenth century.
The changes, however, during that twelve year period, not only brought
about freedom to those who had been slaves but, with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, 
extended citizenship to both groups and provided for their participation in the ballot.
At the mid-way mark of the nineteenth century, gold was discovered in California. From all around 
the world, those hopeful of immense wealth flocked to the gold fields of that place. Among them 
were several thousands of people from China. The latter's chances of acquiring wealth was hindered 
by restrictions placed on them by white miners and prospectors in the many boom camps that sprang 
up throughout the west. They were only allowed, along with blacks, Mexicans and Indians, to mine in 
those places that had already been gone over by whites. The Chinese fared little better in their 
involvement in the construction of the
Trans Contenental Railroad which was finally completed in 1868. By 7882, with the Chinese Exclusion 
Act, they were no longer allowed to even enter the United States. Those who were here continued to 
be discriminated against in pretty much the same manner as were blacks, Mexicans and Indians.
All received little or no protection of whatever few rights they might have had. On the west coast, 
Chinese were murdered as brutally as were blacks in the south and other places, Mexicans in the 
southwest and other places and Indians wherever they could be found. The status of all these groups 
relied on the
will of their white neighbors. In places where those neighbors were friendly and friendliness 
depended on the numbers of each group present in each individual community, they were fairly 
secure. In typical, bigoted communities they were

always at risk.
Subsequent "outsider" groups were treated pretty much the same way. Among those were Japanese, 
Korean, Filipino and other Asiatic groups, southern Europeans with "swarthy" complexions, Jews, 
Catholics and, essentially, any and everyone who did not fit the American mold of 
"americaness"--northern European, protestant and eventually nativistic.
As the century turned, throughout the United States, there could be found, from region to region, 
those who were at the mercy of an oppressor group. We are not totally unfamiliar with this part of 
our history in spite of it being generally ommitted from the history books. We've seen it in films 
on the subject of oppression, which were often advertised as adventure stories, dating back
to the early part of this century.
The silent movies; "Intolorence" and "The Mark of Zorro" are great examples from the 1920s. "Robin 
Hood" shows us Saxons being oppressed by Normans. In "The Grapes of Wrath" we see "oakies" being 
oppressed. "Wagonmaster" has Mormons being oppressed. In "Shane," sodbusters are oppressed by 
cattlemen. "My Man Godfrey" has the poor being oppressed by the rich and even in "On The 
Waterfront" longshoremen are oppressed by the "mob." Foreigners are the targets in "Black Legion," 
Jews in "Storm Warning," blacks in "They Won't Forget" and school kids in "My Bodyguard."
In short, this has long been a problem--this business of oppression and/or antilocutions, 
ethnophaulisms and such taking place. It has been a problem that few, in positions of authority, 
have chosen to do anything about. To compound the problem, there have been those who were once 
victimized themselves who now victimize others in the same way that they once were. How soon we 
forget. It is almost as though they feel compelled to get revenge on somebody and the somebody 
selected are those groups who continue to occupy the status they them­
selves once occupied. They seem to seek their revenge on such groups because the latter is a 
constant reminder to them that they too were once part of the great downtrodden.


0n Wednesday, July 7, 1988, the Review  Journal reported a story headlined "NAACP, black 
firefighters demand apology for LV fire chief's remark." The remark had to do with Chief Roy 
Parrish saying of Mormon firefighters; "you can rely on them to come to work. They are not sick, 
drunk or on drugs." Rev.
Jesse Scott, president of the local chapter of the-NAACP is reported to have said of the remark; 
"by implication, the remark insulted other groups." A day later, the Review  Journal ran an 
editorial criticizing the demanded apology.
By its own admission the RJ interpreted Rev. Scott's comment on "groups" to mean black 
firefighters. How such a presumption could be made in light of the small number of black 
firefighters employed by the Fire Department is obviously a result of a lack of understanding of 
the NAACP. The further admission that
there are thousands of blacks in the Mormon Church is simply a smoke screen tactic that we are well 
accustomed to seeing. Additionally, the comment itself is false if there is a single Mormon who has 
ever been sick, drunk or on drugs. Seems
that there were a couple in town a few months ago who murdered one person and wounded another. 
Finally, the editorial of July 8 states; "it is difficult to understand how Parrish's comment 
praising the work ethic of one group can be interpreted as a slur on other groups." Note, it says 
groups and not group.
However, the editorial seems to insist that Rev. Scott is concerned with only one group--bl acks.
The word "groups," being plural, means more than one group. Yet, by implication, the article and 
the editorial seems to suggest that Rev. Scott is speaking only
in behalf of black people. Impossible. He is speaking in behalf of every group, every person--which 
is not Mormon who is connected with the fire department. He is speaking in behalf of white 
Lutherans, Baptists, Methodists, Catholics, Jews, Mexican Americans, Japanese Americans, Korean 
Americans, Filipino Americans, Chinese Americans, Native Americans, atheists and any and everyone 
else missed by the chief's narrow brush.
The NAACP came into existance in 1910 and grew out of the Niagara Movement.


Its founders included people of many races and religions. It was founded to
help put an end to the era of terrorism which reigned in the country since before the turn of the 
century. Many different groups of people were harmed by the activities of hooded nightriders who 
demeaned, slurred and physically brutalized many different groups of people whom they did not 
particularly like and whom our nation seemed disinterested in protecting.
The idea that the NAACP is a black organization is a misnomer. It has
ended up being that way because so many of the other groups who were rescued from the throes of 
oppression by it have gathered up their recently--in this century-­ won rights and protections and 
gone off to join the great mass of oppressors by either being active oppressors themselves or 
passive oppressors by comporting themselves as though the problems of the oppressed are not 
theirs--how soon they forget.
I join the many other conscious Las Vegans in congratulating Rev. Scott for not allowing anyone, by 
inference, to minimize the remark by the Chief to only include black people and thereby give cause 
to those of small minds to have reason to say, yet again, that blacks are "too sensitive," that 
they are "always complaining," that "they can't take a joke" or that "every time they turn around
blacks are beefing again." Rev. Scott is helping those unconscious people realize that they too are 
being insulted and are apparently too busy watching "lifestyles of The Rich and Famous" to realize 
that they indeed are.
I'll tell you what the problem is; when some flu virus goes around and
a few black firemen are laid up with it, there is only a handful of blacks left on the job. Because 
the RJ and the chief apparently choose to believe that only black firefighters feel that they have 
been insulted, why don't they put as many blacks as there are Mormons at all job levels and let's 
start keeping score -200
Mormon firefighters and 200 black firefighters. The RJ editorial states that "The NAACP must have 
more burning issues than this to deal with." Burning. Ha. Sure it does and it needs the RJ's help. 
The fire department needs to hire more black firefighters. Let us see if they'll run an editorial 
on that.